[e2e] admission control vs congestion control

Fred Baker fred at cisco.com
Tue Apr 18 08:42:19 PDT 2006

On Apr 18, 2006, at 11:22 AM, Lisong Xu wrote:
> But there are also admission control methods that do not build any  
> state into the network, such as probing-based methods. Why these  
> methods have not been widely accepted and implemented?

Because they don't actually work very well. They have been studied to  
death and variously reported on.

Let me give you a simple example. MPEG-4 is a variable-rate-within- 
boundaries codec. It might send 80 KBPS when the camera is pointed at  
a blank wall, and 800 KBPS if the camera is pointed at the ocean. IT  
won't ever send less than the 80 KBPS, and it won't send more than  
the 800, but typically it is somewhere in between.

Let's suppose that there are right now five MPEG-4 streams using a  
certain bit of capacity, and that capacity is enough for them to all  
go all out. But right now, what they are each showing is a green  
field with a few bits of color moving around as players bounce  
whatever kind of ball or frisbee their game requires. They are each  
averaging, let's say, 200 KBPS. Sixty seconds from now, they are each  
going to cut to commercials, with lots of motion on the screen and  
therefore a high bit rate. If I probe right now, my probe will say  
that there is no problem. But should I then start streaming my  
favorite video stream, sixty seconds from now the whole place is  
going to come down around my ears - and the ears of the five data  
streams I am competing with.

As stock brokers are reported to comment: Past performance is no  
guarantee of future performance. It is at best a heuristic.

More information about the end2end-interest mailing list