History Mailing list
This list hosts questions regarding Internet
History. It was created in July 2001 at the request of Bob
Braden, a veteran of the early Internet. Periodically, URLs
and FAQs posted to this list will be archived here.
The Postel Center is pleased to provide this service to the
Internet community. Postel Center provides a home for the
list (firstname.lastname@example.org), an automated
management interface, and an archive
with multiple indices. We also tune the list to avoid
overload from automated sources and to handle user requests.
Text (134 of the 212 total IENs so
PDFs (missing 9, 33, 125, 126)
NOTE: currently only one IEN is missing in both text and
PDF; if anyone has a copy, please let us know:
- IEN 33 Internet Meeting Notes - 1&2 May 1978.
- We'd also like to scan a copy of 125 and 126.
Provided by Bill
Manning (with many thanks)
Other resources (products/services not endorsed
- ARPANET sourcebook released
- The Postel Center is pleased to have assisted with gathering some of the Internet's original documents for this compendium.
See the USC press release on this event.
- "a central hub to acknowledge those who have made
significant contributions to the Internet"
- "resource centre for Internet history", "an
overview site for non-technical people getting started"
of the Internet Audio CD and Ebook
- "as a starting point for schools, colleges, and
personal use for non-technical people"
Study of the ARPANET TCP/IP Digest
- From the ARPANET to the Internet
A Study of the ARPANET TCP/IP Digest and of the Role of
Online Communication in the Transition from the ARPANET
to the Internet
by Ronda Hauben
> Hi. My name is Kaylie. I am 11 years old. I have homework and it relates to the history of the Internet. I am trying to find out what the very first IP address that was ever created. I have learned a bunch of stuff about it and ISI comes up a lot, so I am writing you. Can you help me find out what the very first IP address was in history? Thank you very much! Kaylie [Dec 16, 2006]
The Internet started in Sept. 1981 when a new set of protocols - rules for who talks when and how - began being used, called "TCP/IP". They were used on a network that had already been running since 1969, using an older protocol called "NCP". Current network addresses look like "126.96.36.199", which is ISI's webserver (www.isi.edu). The first network addresses all started with "10.", i.e., "10.0.0.1", and described everyone on the first ARPAnet (the precursor to the Internet). Those addresses aren't in use any more; they're reserved for 'tests' (RFC1918 describes this). The problem with picking a 'first' is that everyone who ran on the old NCP ARPAnet had an address that was converted to a 10.x.x.x address when TCP/IP was adopted in Sept. 1981. So technically everyone who had an NCP address in August 1981 had an equivalent IP address in Sept. 1981. The list you probably want is in RFC832, and lists a large number of 'first network addresses' that were used by Dec. 1982. Note that ISI is listed there, and at that time we used the old 10.x.x.x address, not the current 128.9.x.x set. PS - you can find the "RFCs" above using a search engine. RFCs, and their precursors called IENs are a great source for such history, but they can be a bit hard to read. -- Joe